During the late Neolithic period , the populations of Almanzora Valley used the white marble stones to sculpture small figures which were deposited in collective funeral graves.
In the Roman age, they began to extract the quarries - owned by the Roman empire- on a larger scale. It was only in the Muslim age when the extraction became more important. Besides the exploitation and processing of marble in Macael, marble blocks were exported to North Africa.
The "Apeo Book" of Macael (1573) records that the people in the Muslim age extracted the marble from the mountain without any restrictions. It was considered a traditional right of citizens to freely extract marble from the mountains of Macael. After a long and complicated process this right ended up and the public authorities began to manage the extraction of marble.
The commissioning of the Almanzora railroad in 1895 marked the beginning of the development of the Macael industry and supply of their products to the rest of Spain and Europe.
Currently Macael is considered an international renowned cluster around the mining and processing industry, related not only to marble but also to natural stones and even stone agglomerate. It’s the major producer of marble of Spain, and also placed in the second position worldwide.